Artificial intelligence has a clear place in healthcare, but is unlikely to replace heath care professionals. Where it has clear and exciting potential is in relation to data analysis, patient care and monitoring to improve and speed up diagnosis, to monitor patent conditions and to alert medical professionals of issues with patients.

The UK has many examples of ongoing clinical trials to test AI systems, which on achieving the required regulatory approvals, will benefit patients and doctors alike. The position paper on "The emergence of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms in healthcare: Recommendations to support governance and regulation" published this year by the BSI and AAMI (an US organisation) in conjunction with the MHRA provides insights into the regulatory position for these critical new innovations for our healthcare system. It will require insight and focus from the regulators in all countries to ensure that AI reaches its full potential.